Top 10 Reasons for plane crashes

Exploring the skies can be a thrilling experience, but it’s essential to acknowledge the potential risks or top 10 reasons for plane crashes. Airplane crashes are not common, and plane crash can have several causes, so they capture significant attention when they do occur, leading to substantial loss of life and property.

Top 10 Reasons for plane crashes

In 2023, there were reports of 5 fatal accidents worldwide so far with causes primarily attributed to technical malfunctions, severe weather, or human error and these incidents briefly demonstrated what causes plane crashes. Also, the majority of the air crashes happen at the time of takeoff or landing.

Experiencing the loss of a loved one in an aviation accident cannot be compensated with anything. However, analyzing the root cause is as important as bringing an evolution in safety advancements and protocols.

What are the top 10 reasons for plane crashes?

Here are of top 10 reasons that cause plane crashed throughout the world –

Weather is one of the top plane crash reasons

Bad weather conditions, such as heavy rain, thunderstorms, and crosswinds pose a significant threat to the flight soaring the skies and are one of the top plane crash reasons. The conditions make it challenging for the pilots to maintain control of the aircraft, potentially leading to accidents.

Even with constant monitoring of radar and streamlining communication with air traffic control, the unpredictable nature of weather remains a formidable challenge.

Pilot plane crash – Human Errors

Pilot plane crash or human errors are another prevalent cause of airplane crashes. Mistakes made by pilots lead to a plane crash, and air traffic controllers, or crew members may have fatal consequences. Fatigue, stress, miscommunication, and distractions can contribute to the top 10 reasons for plane crashes. Proper training and rest are essential to minimize accidents resulting from human mistakes. 

Technical glitches as plane crash reasons

Recently, Ural Airlines Flight 1383 witnessed a crash the reason attributed to the outdated landing gears. The investigation also revealed that Russian Airlines has difficulty procuring spare parts due to Western sanctions on Russia.

Technical issues within the aircraft, particularly related to controls, engines, or landing gear, can lead to crashes. Regular maintenance, procuring upgraded parts, and well-trained pilots are capable of troubleshooting and safely landing the plane. And, is crucial for preventing these accidents.

Bird causes plane crash

Bird causes plane crash as the strikes occur when birds accidentally crash into the aircraft’s engines, causing damage and sometimes engine failure which makes it one of the top 10 reasons for plane crashes. Preventive measures include pilot awareness of high-risk bird strike areas. There are initiatives that must be taken from the airport authority’s end. For instance, netting to deter birds from entering runways.

Mechanical fault crashed plane

Mechanical faults in various aircraft components, including engines, fuel indicators, and landing gear, can trigger crashes. Adequate maintenance and inspection procedures are vital for identifying and rectifying such issues before they result in accidents. 

Communication gap as the reason for plane crash

Communication errors are one of the top 10 reasons for plane crashes, whether between the pilot and air traffic control or within the crew itself, which can lead to misunderstandings and confusion. Clear, concise, and accurate communication is imperative for flight safety. Also, addressing glitches in air traffic control systems is also essential. Besides, runway staff should be well-trained to communicate effectively with pilots and convey essential information.

Structural failure is what causes plane crashes

Structural failures in the aircraft, such as cracks or corrosion in the fuselage or wings, can compromise the stability of the aircraft and may lead to catastrophic accidents that is why this is one of the top plane crash reasons. Regular inspections and maintenance are crucial to detect and address these issues before they escalate.

Also Read: 7 Best Things to do near Newark Airport

Engine flameouts and plane explosion

Engine flameouts and plane explosion are among the top 10 reasons for plane crashes occur when an aircraft’s engine loses power and shuts down, often due to factors like fuel crisis or foreign object ingestion. Pilots must be trained to handle engine flameouts and execute emergency procedures to restart or manage the aircraft with reduced engine power.

Terrorism lead to plane crash

Terrorist acts or sabotage can pose a significant threat to aviation safety and it is one of the top 10 reasons for plane crashes. These intentional acts of violence can result in the hijacking or destruction of aircraft. Beefed-up security measures are essential, both on the ground and in-flight, and are essential to deter and prevent such incidents which often causes plane crash or plane explosion.

Runway incursions and plane crash

Runway incursions happen when an aircraft, vehicle, or person improperly enters an active runway, potentially causing collisions during takeoff or landing. Enhanced runway safety protocols, proper signage, and vigilant air traffic control monitoring are critical to reducing the risk of runway incursions and plane explosion.

Has turbulence ever caused a plane crash?

Annually, approximately 65,000 flights experience moderate turbulence, while another 5,500 witness severe turbulence, as reported by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. 

While it is exceedingly rare for turbulence to result in a plane crash, it can still inflict financial burdens on the airlines but it is not among the top 10 reasons for plane crashes. This manifests as repairs to cabin fixtures such as seats and overhead bins, fuselage, or the fuel tank. 

Inevitably, there are also cancellations and potential flight delays which cause airlines to offer compensation to the passengers. 

What caused Audie Murphy’s plane to crash?

The cause of Audie Murphy’s plane crash, piloted by Herman Butler, remains uncertain, though it occurred during light drizzle. Butler radioed his last message just after 11 A.M. on a Friday, stating his intention to land at Roanoke’s Woodrum Field. 

The National Transportation Safety Board dispatched a three-person team to investigate the incident. Initial reports revealed adverse weather conditions and the pilot’s abilities.

For more information on aviation accidents check out how many planes crashed in 2023.

What was Jim Tweto plane crash cause?

This incident leads to a major question, Are small planes safe? A small plane crash near Shaktoolik in September 2023 claimed the lives of Alaska aviation legend Jim Tweto, 68. He was accompanied by Idaho hunting guide Shane Reynolds, 45.

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) released a preliminary report, citing shifting winds and a tree strike as contributing factors that are one of the top 10 reasons for plane crashes.

Tweto was flying Cessna 180H from a remote mountain airstrip, which had a sloped ridgeline. During takeoff, the plane witnessed low visibility, failed to regain altitude, and crashed 300 feet below the airstrip.

Are Small Planes Safe?

Jin Tweto plane crash raises this question – Are Small Planes Safe to Fly? Yes, Small planes are generally safe, but they are more likely to crash than commercial airliners. This is due to a number of factors, including:

  • Less rigorous maintenance and safety standards: Small planes are often privately owned and operated, and they may not be subject to the same rigorous maintenance and safety standards as commercial airliners.
  • Less experienced pilots: Small planes are often flown by private pilots, who may not have the same level of experience and training as commercial airline pilots.
  • More challenging flying conditions: Small planes are more susceptible to weather conditions such as turbulence and wind shear. They are also more likely to fly in remote areas, where there may be fewer emergency services available.

Despite these risks, are small planes safe? So, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) reports that the average accident rate for general aviation (including small planes) is 1.08 accidents per 100,000 flight hours. This is higher than the accident rate for commercial airliners, which is 0.16 accidents per 100,000 flight hours.

Did You Know?

The vast majority of general aviation accidents are minor, and they result in no injuries or fatalities. In fact, the NTSB reports that the fatal accident rate for general aviation is just 0.07 accidents per 100,000 flight hours.


Aviation safety is of prime concern and understanding what causes plane crashes is vital too. While these events are relatively rare, their consequences create a lasting impact on humanity also highlighting the need for continuous improvement in safety protocols. In pursuit of safer skies, analyzing the top 10 reasons for plane crashes is an ongoing commitment to society and the evolution of air travel.

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What caused Audie Murphy’s plane to crash?

The exact cause of Audie Murphy’s plane crash occurred during light drizzle. Investigators cited adverse weather conditions as the prime contributing factor.

Does turbulence cause plane crashes?

No. But severe turbulence can result in injuries to passengers or crew and in rare cases, it causes damage to the aircraft.

What caused the Nepal plane crash?

The Yeti Airlines crash in Nepal, resulting in 71 fatalities, including five Indians, was attributed to a loss of thrust caused by both engine propellers. Human error was suspected, as per the preliminary investigation report.

Can bird strike cause a plane crash?

Bird strikes can potentially cause a plane crash. When birds collide with the aircraft, they can damage the engines. In some cases, the bird strikes have led to forced emergency landings.

What is the cause of death in a plane crash?

In some plane crashes, the airplane itself can break apart, and people can get hurt by hitting parts of the plane. When such an incident happens, passengers can get stuck inside and might not make it because of things like fire, water or not being able to breathe properly.


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A seasoned content writer with a passion for storytelling, who loves creating content that engages the audience, builds trust, drives results, and solves problems related to travel assistance and travel news

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